Bulgarian Journal of Psychiatry, 2021; 6(1):40-50
THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN NATURE: PHYLOGENESIS AND ONTOGENESIS. HIERARCHICAL MODEL OF THE HUMAN BRAIN
Asen Beshkov1, Valentin Akabaliev1, Plamen Vargov2, Katerina Akabalieva3, Vasil Kotetarov4
1Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Medical University – Plovdiv
2Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski” – Plovdiv
3Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Medical University – Sofia
4Clinic of Psychiatry, UMHAT “Sv. Georgi” – Plovdiv
Abstract. Main aspects of evolutionary psychiatry are introduced – the evolutionary paradigm as applied to the field of psychiatry, including evolutionary explanatory framework for the origins of psychiatric conditions and disorders. We start with a short introduction of the main deficiencies of the classical biomedical model in relation to psychiatry. Then we present some major evolutionary aspects of human nature and its development – phylogenesis, the hierarchical structure of the human brain and ontogenesis. We conclude with some of the most significant evolutionary explanations on the origins of psychiatric disorders.
Key words: evolutionary psychiatry, human nature, phylogenesis, evolved psychological mechanisms, archetypal predisposition, ontogenesis, the triune brain
Full text (in Bulgarian) here.